Three Cheers for the Articles of Confederation ~ The Imaginative Conservative

Just as these three questions hung over Dickinson’s initial draft, three things must be noted about the final version. First, as to each question asked, state sovereignty won. The delegates from each state even went so far as to refer to the delegates from another state as an “embassy.” Second, while the states had individually argued over the power given to each state in each state’s own constitutional convention, almost no one argued for the federal government to have much power during the debates over the Articles. As historian Gordon Wood has explained: “Yet in marked contrast to the rich and exciting public explorations of political theory accompanying the formation of the state constitutions, there was little discussion of the plans for a central government. Whatever feelings of American nationalism existed in 1776, they paled before people’s loyalties to their separate states.”*  Third, the signers of the Articles represented an incredibly impressive array of revolutionary talent, including Sam Adams, Daniel Carroll, Elbridge Gerry, John Hancock, Henry Laurens, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas McKean, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, Roger Sherman, and John Witherspoon.
— Read on theimaginativeconservative.org/2019/06/three-cheers-articles-confederation-bradley-birzer-timeless.html

The Prisoner is 50 years old and has been never more relatable | EW.com

McGoohan hated guns and was demanded that Drake would seduce no one. This could seem fuddy-duddy (McGoohan was quite Catholic), but maybe he was reaching for something more thoughtful, less escapist. On The Prisoner, when he walks away from his spy agency, it could also be a retirement from cheap escapism, an attempt to leave the binary world of Us Vs. Them. Fifty years later, seemingly every Bond movie is about Bond going rogue, though only a violent-sexy kind of rogue, kiss kiss bang bang.
— Read on ew.com/tv/2017/09/29/the-prisoner-50/

Cubicle 7 Announces The One Ring Second Edition – Cubicle 7

The second edition of the game will feature all new art, as well as stunning new maps created by renowned cartographer Jared Blando. Players can choose from 11 Cultures and 6 Callings from across Middle-earth to create their Company and their journeys will see them play a crucial role in the events leading up to The War of the Ring. This edition also features a set of updated and streamlined rules, developed from years of players’ feedback and design development, and implemented by renowned designer Francesco Nepitello.

Those who have been with us since the beginning will be happy to learn that all previously released material for The One Ring will be usable with the second edition, with only minor adjustments.
— Read on www.cubicle7games.com/cubicle-7-announces-the-one-ring-second-edition/

America’s Uneven Legacy of Religious Freedom ~ The Imaginative Conservative

Our standard textbooks, sadly, tell a false story. Not only do they claim “religious freedom” from the beginning of colonial settlement, but they also attempt to do so by identifying each colony as a place of refuge for a particular denomination. New England for the Puritans (Calvinists), Pennsylvania for the Quakers, Maryland for the Catholics, Virginia for the Anglicans, etc. What our textbooks fail to note, however, is that these colonies which might very well offer complete religious freedom to one denomination rarely do the same for competitor denominations. Virginia, for example, encouraged the members of the Church of England to the nth degree, but they persecuted Calvinists, Baptists, and any other dissenters. New England despised Catholics, but they hated the Baptists even more.
— Read on theimaginativeconservative.org/2019/06/americas-uneven-legacy-religious-freedom-bradley-birzer.html

Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles review | Batman News

Two things in particular surprised me about this movie, striking me in different ways.  First, it is genuinely funny.  There were several times where I had to stop myself from laughing at the shenanigans in the film, especially when the Turtles find their way into the Batcave.  Some of the best gags from the comic make their way over to the movie (my personal favorite being Mikey’s wipe-board presentation on why Batman may and may not be a cool dude), and there are tons of little throwaway lines that have a great payoff.  Have you ever wondered why Gotham has so many blimps flying around?  Rest assured, the Turtles do too, and they find out their purpose in one of the movie’s best jokes.

Batman also has some fun in the movie, as he’s presented as terse and gruff, but not without a sense of humor.  It’s refreshing to see a Batman who isn’t a jerk and lets the sillier personalities of the Turtles win him over.  Sure, he’s not cracking wise alongside them, but he doesn’t treat them like they’re idiots for being goofballs either.  In fact, he shows each of his allies great respect in different ways, from Batgirl to Robin to each of the four Turtles.  Like I said, it’s nice to see Batman value and cherish the presence of others in his war on crime, and even more to see him relate to them on a personal level.
— Read on batman-news.com/2019/06/07/batman-vs-teenage-mutant-ninja-turtles-review/

Origins of religious freedom

It was only the European exhaustion over the many violent wars of the Reformation era, and the subsequent secular rationalism of the Enlightenment, that led to a political solution that honored individual liberty in matters of religion.

This story, however, is not only superficial and inadequate, but backward. Religious historian Robert Louis Wilken’s Liberty in the Things of God documents how the origins of religious freedom aren’t secular, but decidedly Christian.

Tertullian, a North African Christian writer of the early third century, was the first to argue that because religious faith is an inward disposition of the mind and heart, it cannot be coerced by external forces. The Church Father writes:

It is only just and a privilege inherent in human nature that every person should be able to worship according to his own convictions; the religious practice of one person neither harms nor helps another. It is not part of religion to coerce religious practice, for it is by choice not coercion that we should be led to religion.

CASEY CHALK

Music, Books, Poetry, Film

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